About the recent report published by the intergovernmental group of experts on climate change (IPCC), which expresses the generality, speed and intensification of the phenomenon that is changing the climate of our planet on a large territorial scale and where it raises an alarm regarding the rise in sea level , that according to manifests will be irreversible through the coming centuries.
As a result of the results obtained by this report regarding the possibilities of accelerated global warming where it exceeds 1.5 ° C in the next few decades, the drastic change that will affect world temperature is expected and that it will at its own pace. It sometimes results in changes in humidity and dryness, winds,
snow and ice, coastal areas and oceans.
In this scenario, it is necessary to detail in depth How would climate change affect the coasts of the Chilean territory? Questions also arise related to what specific communities or sectors will it affect and in what way? In addition, it raises the important question that as a society we have been asking ourselves for some time, which is about How should an adequate Coastal Law for Chile be?
Given this scenario, what this IPPC report tells us reaffirms many expert opinions, based on scientific studies on the subject of coasts and climatology.
Thus, as a study by the Research Center for Integrated Disaster Risk Management (Cigiden), ensures that at least the 86% of Chilean beaches are currently suffering significant erosion, This shows a reduction in the width of the beaches, damage to the marine-coastal ecosystem, greater exposure of human life to natural disasters and, in addition, a greater exposure of the coastal infrastructure.
Codexverde made the pertinent consultations of the case to two experts on the subject to understand what a Coastal law should be like?
In the first instance, according to Dr. Carolina Martinez , director of the Coastal Observatory and researcher at Cigiden, explained that regarding the threat to human lives, one of the greatest concerns has to do with the communities that live in camps established in coastal areas. In addition, he explains the risks that the Coastal Zone runs: “Many sandy coastlines in Chile are affected by erosion without historical comparison. In the last five to six years, coastal erosion has affected a large number of beaches nationwide “
Finally, Dr. Carolina Martínez, states that the enactment of a new Coastal Law is necessary and essential to face and mitigate as much as possible the possible ecosystem and human damages related to the rise in sea level,
In turn, the Lawyer Ignacio Martinez , from Fundación Terram, emphasizes the relevance of a Coastal Law for Chile that aims to face the rise in sea level.
Also, it emphasizes that due to an absence of concern from the governmental body, a new Coastal Law would be essential to have a broader perspective, an ecological and sustainable vision of the maritime sector, even seeking to be called “coastal zone” and not ” coastal border ”, a name used historically in Chile for this area.
To know in depth this report and all the arguments that support this proposed Law, we invite you to review the original note created by codexverde.